CBD and THC are the most prominent, abundant and popular cannabinoids. So far, they are the most researched cannabinoids of cannabis (the plant of genus hemp and marijuana). THC is extracted from marijuana, whereas CBD is extracted from hemp. Today, there here are more than 100 different cannabinoid species that have been discovered by scientists. Of these species, THC and CBD are the most extensively researched and well understood.
THC and CBD are similar in the way they interact with the body through the endocannabinoid system. This is a vital system that regulates a wide range of body functions such as pain, immune response, sleep, memory, appetite, and mood. Both TCH and CBD has a chemical makeup that is similar to that of the body’s cannabinoids. This enables them to interact with the endocannabinoid’s system cannabinoid receptors to release brain’s neurotransmitters. This interaction forms the most significant similarity between THC and CBD. However, the two cannabinoids differs greatly on their influence and interaction with the endocannabinoid system and the natural side effects they induce.
One of the main differences between CBD and THC, is that THC creates a euphoric high feeling in consumers while CDB does not. CBD is completely no-psychoactive. This means that it does not cause a state of euphoria. This is because of its inability to bind to the CB1 receptors, a receptor mainly found in the brain and nervous system.
THC and CBD’s also differs in the way their atomic arrangements interact with the body’s cannabinoid receptors. THC is able to bind to CB2 receptors with a higher affinity to CB1 receptors while CBD has a little affinity for the two receptors. CBD actually serves as an indirect antagonist of the two cannabinoid agonists. These slight atomic differences are the ones that greatly differentiate CBD from other psychoactive cannabinoids such as THC. THC’s psychoactive properties can potentially results to temporary side effects. Some of these effects include red eyes, dry mouth, slower reaction time, little or lack of coordination, lowered reaction time and others.
Also, CBD and THC has completely different legal status. THC and marijuana are all listed under the U.S Controlled Substance Act and are prohibited under the federal law. However, the use of medical marijuana with high THC levels is legalized in 29 states and Washington D.C. Eight of the 29 states have legalized the use of recreational marijuana. Unlike marijuana, CBD is legalized in 33 states for medical and recreational use.
CBD and THC are similar in their abilities to interact with body’s vital endocannabinoid system. However, the two cannabinoids have totally different chemical makeups. CBD is an entirely all-have the “high” or uncomfortable side effects. If you want a perfect non-psychoactive alternative relieve from anxiety, depression, or pain, you should consider CBD oil.