Muscle, bone, and joint (Musculoskeletal) diseases affect more than 50% of the United States population age 18 and older and nearly 75% of individuals age 65 and older. Musculoskeletal diseases can be genetic or non-genetic. The most common musculoskeletal disorders affecting people are:
- Chronic muscle pain/inflammation
Research shows much promise in using CBD to address musculoskeletal disorders. This is because CBD and the endocannabinoid system help to regulate inflammation in the body, and studies show that inflammation is a main cause for the pain associated with many muscle and joint disorders.
Studies have also found that the endocannabinoid system is involved in bone metabolism, which is the lifelong process where old bone tissue is shedded and new tissue is formed. Cannabinoids interact with the cannabinoid receptors in the body, helping to regulate the metabolism process. Therefore, using CBD can have a positive impact on osteoporosis and can actually help the body with generating new bone tissue, slowing the rate of loss of mature bone tissue, and maintaining a balance of overall bone mass within the body.
Typical care to address muscle, bone, or joint pain is for individuals to take over-the-counter pain relievers. This may include:
While these medications can be purchased and taken without prescription, they still carry side effects:
- Stomach bleeding
- Kidney damage
- Liver problems if taken too much or while drinking alcohol
When over-the-counter pain relievers are not enough, individuals may be prescribed prescription medications such as opioids. This includes:
- Hydrocodone and acetaminophen combined in one drug (Vicodin)
- Hydromorphone, or Dilaudid
- Meperidine, or Demerol
- Oxycodone, often known by the trade name OxyContin
- Propoxyphene, or Darvon
Side effects of opioids include constipation, nausea, drowsiness, dizziness, itching or sweating, depression, weakened immune system, increased tolerance, and addiction. When taken in large amounts, opioids can cause a person to stop breathing.
Studies show that CBD is generally free from the side effects associated with over-the-counter pain relievers and prescription pain medications.